Shami is a rare medicinal tree and it can grow in very harsh climatic conditions, and in poor or degraded soil. Roots of shami can grow down as deep as 35 meters in search of water.Being a Legume, it adds nitrogen to the soil and increases its fertility.
Shami trees are planted for checking desertification, and stabilization of sand dunes.These trees are also planted for the reclamation of land.People believe that the fertility of soil under it's canopy is improved due to its leaves that fall and decompose to add nutrients to the soil.This plant is compatible with agri-horticultural crops.Due to its high rate of nitrogen fixation it boosts the growth and productivity of the companion crop. On the other hand, it is important to note that this plant does not compete with other plants when grown under agri- horticultural system.
Shami is an important medicinal plant. Ayurveda recommends it for the treatment of a number of ailments and iseases like mental disorder, Schizophrenia, respiratory tract infection, excessive heat, herpes, loose motion, leucorrhoea etc. but different parts of the plant are used for different purposes.
The extract of leaves of shami tree has been reported to kill intestinal parasitic worms. Its extract is reported to be useful in the treatment of leprosy also.The methanolic extract of shami leaves has anti-inflamatory activities.The pods and roots of the plant have been reported to possess astringent properties, and are used for the treatment of dysentery. Flowers of shami when mixed with sugar, are eaten by women during pregnancy as a safeguard against miscarriage.