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Thursday, October 27, 2011

Environmental Information System in India

The Ministry of Environment and Forest has established a network of 78 Subject Specific and State Related Centres called as Environmental Information Centres (ENVIS). The Environmental Information System was established by the Government of India as a plan Programme in December 1982.The Ministry coordinates activities of all the ENVIS-Network Partners to make ENVIS a web-enabled Comprehensive Information System. The focus of ENVIS is to provide Environmental Information to decision makers, policy planners, scientists and engineers, research workers, etc. all over the country. Under the focus of the Environmental Information System, the National Efforts are integrated to ensure the collection, collation, storage, retrieval and dissemination of Environmental Information to all concerned.
The major Objectives, both Long Term and Short Term, of the Environmental information System are mentioned below.

·         to build up a repository and dissemination centre in Environmental Science and Engineering;
·         to gear up the modern technologies of acquisition, processing, storage, retrieval and dissemination of information of environmental nature; and
·         to support and promote research, development and innovation in environmental information technology.
·         to provide national environmental information service relevant to present needs and capable of development to meet the future needs of the users, originators, processors and disseminators of information;
·         to build up storage, retrieval and dissemination capabilities with the ultimate objectives of disseminating information speedily to the users;
·         to promote, national and international cooperation and liaison for exchange of environment related information;
·         to promote, support and assist education and personnel training programmes designed to enhance environmental information processing and utilization capabilities;
·         to promote exchange of information amongst developing countries.
Key Words: ENVIS, Government of India, information, international cooperation

Wednesday, October 26, 2011

State Government now ready to conserve indigenous breeds of cattle in Jharkhand

The National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources has planned to conduct a survey of indigenous cattle species in different districts of Jharkhand as per the prescribed standards. The survey has been planned in view of assessing the stratus of vanishing species of cattle in the country. It is important to note that species of indigenous cattle are vanishing in the state due to preference s to hybrid species, and sale of cattle by farmers to meet traders and cattle meet exporters. Long lines of cows, buffaloes, calves etc escorted by two- three cyclists, can still seen frequently along roads going towards places unknown to a common man. Another reason behind reducing the number of cattle of indigenous breeds is hybridization.
 As per the directives of the bureau, the state Government is inclined to conserve species of indigenous cattle. These cattle species are to be identified through the survey. The first phase of the programme has been planned to cover seven districts of the state - Ranchi, Jamshedpur, Palamu, Hajaribagh, Dhanbad, Deoghar, and Dumka in the 5 blocks of each of these districts. At least 100animals of any one species in a village are to be identified and conserved under the plan.
Monitoring Committees
The plant of conservation of indigenous breeds of cattle in Jharkhand is to be implemented by the state Government’s Department of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries. Committees on district and state levels are to be organised for a successful implementation and monitoring. The state level committee will comprise director of animal husbandry as President and Deputy Director Planning, and three experts from each of the Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Ranchi Veterinary College- Kanke, as its members. The committee will review the work of districts after an interval of every 2 months. On district level, the committee will comprise District Animal Husbandry Officer as President and two veterinary doctors as members. This committee will review the survey work done on the block level. The state government will spend rupees sixty lakh on the survey of cattle.  
Key Words : indigenous breeds, Jharkhand, Hybrid, Ranchi, Kanke, animal husbandry