Inadequate irrigation resources and changing climatic conditions has been affecting agricultural productivity since long.
Recent projections for the demand of food grains by 2020 are 30 to 35 percent and this can be managed by protecting natural resources like water for irrigation and shrinking land for irrigation.
Scientists have been trying to develop crop varieties that may produce sufficient food grains even in the adverse climatic conditions.
Wheat is grown on more land area than any other commercial crop and is the most important staple food for humans. World trade in wheat is greater than for all other crops combined. Globally, wheat is the leading source of vegetable protein in human food, having higher protein content than either maize (corn) or rice, the other major cereals. In terms of total production tonnages used for food, it is currently second to rice as the main human food crop and ahead of maize, after allowing for maize's more extensive use in animal feeds.
Wheat producing zones of India
Since wheat is main crop, efforts are being made to increase its production in any way. In current conditions scientists are thinking to have such varieties of wheat that can be cultivated in short time, that have resistance to rising temperature and that may have high productivity.
Scientists of Chowdhary Charan Singh University Haryana, India have signed an agreement with National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources for evaluation of Germ Plasm.
Key Words : agriculture, climatic change, wheat production, Haryana
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