In view of the fact that extreme cold or frost has been damaging crops up to major extent in recent years, the Government of India has declared frost or cold a natural calamity.
A Group of Ministers (GoM) on drought had recommended earlier that frost should be included in the list of natural calamities and the recommendation was approved by the Union Cabinet on 20th July 2012.
“Now on, damage to crops due to extreme cold or frost will be considered a natural calamity and the affected farmers will be eligible for financial relief from the National Disaster Relief Fund”- reports The Hindu.
Natural events that have so far been included in the list of natural calamity are drought, floods, cyclones, earthquakes, fire, tsunamis, hailstorms, landslips, avalanche, cloudburst and pest attack. Crops damaged under these calamities are already eligible for relief under State Disaster Response fund and the National Disaster Response Fund. Now, crops damaged by extreme cold or frost have also been included in SDRF and NDRF. Now these relief measures have been put under the Ministry of Agriculture. Earlier, these were put under the Union Ministry of finance.
Key Words: disaster, frost, damage, response