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Saturday, July 18, 2009

Hornbill Festival: Public Effort to Generate Awareness on Conservation

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In Nagaland, one festival follows the other festival, round the year. The rich heritage of the Naga People is reflected from each and every festival they celebrate; including the Hornbill Festival? What is it and why is it so named? Well, hornbill is a globally respected bird which occupies very important place in the folklore of most of the tribes of Nagaland. And hornbill- festival is a set of functions organized by all the tribes of Nagaland on 1st to 5th of December every year. Yes, the state has about 16 major tribes named as Angamis, the Aos, the Chakesangs, the Konyaks, the Kukis, the Kacharies, the Sumis, the Changs, the Lothas and the Pochurys ETC. All these festivals have their own different festivals. But since Hornbill is equally respected by all of these tribes; the hornbill festival is respected by all. This shows that the great bird hornbill is the symbol of the inherent unity among the vast diversity of the tribal people of Nagaland. On the other hand, it has been the efforts of the Government of Nagaland that all the tribes of the area unite together to celebrate at least one common festival: the Hornbill Festival. The festival is celebrated in the first week of December in the capital city Kohima.

A series of performances and demonstrations are organized by the tribal people during the period of the Hornbill Festival. As per reports, "this one week long festival unites all of the Nagaland, in one giant colour splashed hodgepodge of dances, performances, crafts, parades, games, sports, fairs and religious ceremonies. The festival exposes the culture and tradition of tribal people and reinforces Nagaland's identity as a unique state in India's federal union", which in spite of all has the inherent love towards its wildlife. On this occasion Naga tribes sing folk songs, perform traditional dances and play indigenous games and sports.

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