Powered by Blogger.

Wednesday, September 30, 2009

Authorities order the polluting textile units to ensure zero -discharge of effluents in Bhilwara

No comments :
Pressed by the public protests due to seriously changing scenario of air and ground pollution in the whole area that is symbolized by stinking air and bad smelling green ground water in Bhilwara, producing 75 percent of the country’s textile, a town of Rajasthan(India), a high power committee comprising Minister of industries, Environment and Forests, Chairman of the Central Pollution Control Board, and Principal Secretary –industries passed orders on 23September 2009 to restart the eight closed units of industrial effluent treatment .

A major textile area of India, Bhilwara has as much as 500 synthetic textile units located in its outskirt areas of Chittorgarh, Gangapur, and Mandal roads. Most of these units reportedly utilize plenty of water and release it in the polluted condition without treating them as per the rules laid down by the Central Pollution Control Board. Earlier the pollution control authorities set zero-discharge norms for these units and the Government offered subsidies for the installation of effluent treatment plants in them, the pollution by these units continued indifferently. Experts are of the opinion that the contaminated effluent released from these industries is polluting even the ground water so seriously that it smells like chemicals and bears some type of colour.

Water Analysis reports
It has been reported that the State Public Health Engineering Department had already declared in the year 2004 that most of the water of wells located near the Kothari River contained lead, chromium, zinc, and sodium above the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standard) standards. The water of these wells had been found to be hard which is indicative of chloride contamination. After immense pressure from the civilized public of Bhilwara, the State Pollution Control Board had ordered the polluting units in December 2005 to operate as zero discharge units. It is amusing to state that following the orders of the State Pollution Control Board these units started plantation of Eucalyptus trees in two to five acres of green land using waste water for irrigation. This land happened to be within the premises of the units. As per the environmental activists of Bhilwara district the polluting units are injecting the polluted water into the ground causing serious ground water pollution. In 2006, when villagers protested against the serious ground water pollution the State Pollution Control Board told them that the textile units were making use of effluents for irrigation and they were not allowing the polluted water to flow through streams. Environmental activists of the area are of the opinion that the government is offering only short term solutions like reverse osmosis etc. and the effluent treatment plants if installed by some textile units, were un-operational.

Government action
Following the report of discharging un treated effluents on the ground the authorities decided to put pressure on the polluting units by ordering them to install effluent treatment plants with immediate effects. If any of such industry failed to do so, its security amount would be forfeited. It is important to mention here that every textile unit has been ordered to deposit a security of rupees fifteen lakh and to adhere to the conditions and parameters laid down for pollution control within one month. It has been reported that 21process houses and one woolen mill in Bhilwara have been ordered to install electric sub meters in their effluent treatment plants. These industries too are to follow the earlier order to ensure that no polluted water is released out of their premises. Though the industry minister has stressed on the vedeography of polluting units, it is understood that it can in some way not do the needful in view of prevailing corruption in some industrial houses. Since the effluent treatment plants consume high energy and their costs of installation too amounts to heavy amount of money, the industrial units have always been reluctant to do the needful. However, the Bhilwara Municipal Corporation has declared to install a plant for reverse osmosis, shortly. (Source: the Hindu, 23 September, 2009).

No comments :

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.