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Monday, January 30, 2012

Congestion in urban environment

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Housing is a great problem in urban areas. As crops fail, the rural economy is damaged. More and more people from village areas migrate to cities in search of jobs. Being poor, they cannot afford high rent for houses in cities. As a result they settle on unclaimed government or public land, abandoned railway huts and even on areas near monuments. They bring their families and construct houses there. Thus slums are developed in urban areas.

People in slums live under unhygienic conditions and remain prone to a number of diseases and epidemics. Most of those who live in rented houses live as singles. They make groups, take a small area or a room on rent and spend nights in crowded conditions. All these conditions explain the congestion in urban areas.

Agricultural green lands in sub-urban areas are being utilized for construction of houses and industrial buildings. Many green areas; pastures; wet lands; water bodies like ponds and lakes; community parks etc. that provided open space to cities have been reclaimed for building apartments to accommodate the exploding urban populations.

The explosion of population has given birth to the Apartment Culture and severe congestion. In big cities, large number of men, women and children live in very unsanitary conditions in a very short area. In good locations even animals get comparatively more areas for their living and movements. Such types of human habitations further create new problems of spread of diseases, corruption and crime of various types. The United Nations Organisation observed the World Habitat Day on October 6, 2004 and asked the governments on the global level to improve the conditions of slum dwellers. Since then, the World Habitat Day is celebrated the world over on October, 6.

Key Words: slums, agriculture, apartment, UNO

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