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Sunday, January 8, 2012

Human Rights and Environment

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The first ever declaration of Principles on Human Rights and Environment on International Level was drafted on 16th May 1994 by a group of international experts on United Nations at Geneva. The draft declaration is the first ‘international instrument’ which addresses the relation between human rights and environment.

The draft declaration is the first ‘International Instrument’ which addresses the relation between human rights and the environment. The draft declaration on Human Rights and Environment contains altogether 27 principles that have been grouped under five parts.

The first part contains four principles. It makes provisions of human rights to an ecologically sound environment, sustainable development, peace and right to secure healthy and ecologically sound environment. This part also makes provisions of human rights to freedom from all types of discrimination and right to equitable sharing of environment by present generation without impairing the rights of future generations.

The second part includes right to freedom from pollution, protection of natural resources, highest attainable standard of health, safe healthy food and adequate water, safe and healthy working environment, adequate housing and sound living conditions. This part also includes human rights to timely assistance in the events of all types of disasters, sustainable use of natural resources for all purposes, preservation of unique sites and rights of indigenous people on land, territories and natural resources to maintain their traditional ways of life.

Part third is a group of principles for human rights and environment makes provision of rights to information concerning environment, right to hold and express opinions and dissemination of ideas, right to education of human and environmental rights, right to participate in planning and decision making activities concerning environment, right to make association for environmental protection and right to judicial and administrative redressal of cases related to environmental harm.

Part four is the group of principles for human rights and environment and it relates to duty to protect and preserve environment, duty to avoid using the environment as means of war, duty to respect international laws pertaining to environment.

Part five is the group of principles that empowers all persons to be entitled to a social and international order so as to realize rights of declaration.

Significance of Human Rights
1. Growth of a nation depends on the growth and all round development of its citizens. The growth and all round development of citizens are possible only when the constitution of the nation provides them all the human rights required for these purposes.

2. Human rights support the process of development of a country. These are human rights which facilitate and encourage development on sustainable basis.

3. Human rights support citizens to think freely on social, national and environmental problems and search out all possible remedies.

4. Provision of human rights makes citizens free to take decisions and to shape up their life styles for better environmental conditions.

5. Human rights ensure a healthy and pollution free environment to its citizens.

Key Words:Human Rights,International Instrument,international, Geneva,

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