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Saturday, January 28, 2012

Wildlife Parks and Sanctuaries of the North- east India

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There are a total of twelve megadiversity regions in the world and India is one of them. Hundreds of biodiversity zones (about more than 1000) are located here and there in the world. Out of this number about 200 zones are considered to be very rich, very rare or most distinctive. These zones are called as Biodiversity Hot Spots or Global 200. 
The Biodiversity Hotspots in India are mostly located in the North Eastern India and in the Western Ghats. These areas are considered as the world’s richest biodiversity areas. This is the reason why the government of India is opening an Institute of Biodiversity in Arunachal Pradesh. Phytogeographically the North –east including he seven sister states, form a distinct biodiversity zone.
It is estimated that out of 9000 plant species 3500 are endemic to this zone. At least 55 flowering plants that are endemic to this zone are recognized as rare for example the Pitcher Plants (Nepenthes khasiana). About 554 species of Orchids , 5 species of canes , 22 species of bamboo, 50 species of different medicinal plants and  47 species of Conifers. The fauna of Nagaland include 106 species of mammals including 9species of  insectivorous, 34 species of  bats, 12 species of rodents, 7 species of  primates, o1 species of Pangolin, 34 species of carnivores, 01 sp. of elephants, 7 species of angulates etc. This state is the host of more than 400 species of birds. About seven new species of birds have been identified in the wild since 2001.
Nagaland has a Zoological Park in Kohima where some of the rarest species of different animals including birds are being cared and developed. Next comes the Intaki National park which was notified in the year 1975. It is spread in the area of 202sq. km which is 1.22% of the area of the state. Some of the important animals found here are Hoolock Baboon which is the only gibbon found in India; elephant; tiger; mithun, sambhar, wild dog and sloth bear. 
The important Wildlife Sanctuaries of Nagaland include Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary, Pulie badge Wildlife Sanctuary; Rangapahar Wildlife Sanctuary; and Ghosu Bird Sanctuary. The Ghosu bird sanctuary is unique of its type due to the fact that it is fully maintained by local communities.It is located at a distance of 8 km from Zunheboto district. It is a habitat of more than 20 species of endangered birds.Hunting and poaching is completely stopped here by villagers.Satoic Range is a natural habitat of Blythii Tragopan, a rare but the State Bird of Nagaland is at the verge of extinction.
Image : Pitcher plant

Key Words : North-east, parks, sanctuaries, satoic range,extinct,

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