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Friday, August 22, 2014

Plant Trees in the Current Monsoon Session

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We read in some good books that long - long ago, our earth was covered with dense vegetation. That vegetation gradually reduced as civilizations developed and passed away. And, during the current civilization we have been left with very less of it. Where have all the trees and bushes gone?

Humans cleared forests to build houses as their population grew up. They expanded agriculture to grow more food to feed generations. For this they cleared forests further and further. Developments demanded more and more vegetations to become aims of axes. Trees had to be cleared for the construction of roads, rail tracks, hospitals, schools etc and for many dams and river valley projects. Thousands and thousands of age old trees were cut for the construction of highways and multi-lane roads. You see a number of trees being cut along roadsides in and around your city just for broadening of roads. People and departments have justified reasons for these activities. We too cannot blame anyone for the destruction of this age old civilization of trees around us, and for the destruction of numerous wild animals including birds and insects that form important links of our biosphere, and the whole environment. How much time does a tree of average size take to grow up to its full natural size and maturity?

Well, say at least ten years or so. An old environmentalist may say that compensatory plantation in equal number might had been done in advance; at least ten years back to recover the loss expected to occur through cutting of trees after ten years at least. But who knew ten years ago about what is to be done after ten years. Not all of our plans can be designed and formulated much earlier, say ten or twenty years back due to several reasons. So, what to do now? Well, plant trees in this monsoon session. But why …?

Benefits from trees
Trees make oxygen and spread it in the air. Without oxygen we cannot live for a moment even. Without oxygen, the animal world will die away. While inhaling air we take the oxygen with it into our bodies and live in life. Carbon dioxide makes our atmosphere or rather our environment poisonous for us. It is one of the most potent gases to cause Global Warming. Trees consume this carbon dioxide and thereby make our environment safe for us.Trees also give us many other benefits. We get fruit and flowers from the trees. Trees provide us with fuel and timbers. In summer, they bear the scorching rays of the sun and give us cool shade under them. Trees in our forests draw the rain from the clouds floating in the sky. Trees in our forests check the quick flow of rain-water and thereby check the occurrence of high flood in our rivers. On the other hand, this slow process of water-flow gives us good water all throughout the year through streams and streamlets with their sweet melodious music.

Trees conserve our soil. This soil-conservation is very important for our crop -fields. Trees make land fertile by their fallen leaves. By their fallen leaves they make new soil for us. Most of the forest-products are the products from the trees in the forests, absentee of trees will cause a lot of harm to us and to our life. So the number of trees should be multiplied by the tree-plantation by us.
We should plant trees near our houses and near our villages with a view to raising new forests. We should plant trees on the two sides of the roads and paths and on the four sides of our corn-fields. We should plant trees on all the vacant places in our village on towns where we live, and we should advise all to do so.

Selection of trees for plantation
We should make good selection of trees to be planted, in consideration of the nature of land and the kind of climate. Cocoanut trees grow well in the sea-coasts. Plantain trees grow well near the ponds. We should know which place is fit for which tree. To know this we should get our soil tested by the experts and plant the kinds of trees accordingly. Collection of plants to be planted should be made from the Government nurseries in consultation with the experts there.

Time for tree-plantation and after care
Generally, rainy season is the best time for tree-plantation. Most of the tree-plants thrive well in rainy season. Still then, we should seek advice from the Government agricultural experts about the appropriate time for the plantation of a particular kind of tree. Only planting the trees is not enough. Because, planted trees may be destroyed by animals or otherwise, or may die for regular service of water. So we should be particular about the after-care of the planted trees. We should be very careful about the newly-planted trees.

Trees should be regularly planted to save the mankind and the animal world. Tree plantation and its after-care is a pleasing work too. We can get much pleasure in planting trees and in taking care of them. Students should plant trees in their school-compounds and in the front-yards, backyards and side-yards of their schools and near their own houses and in other places wherever possible. They should explain to their neighbours the goodness of tree-plantation and encourage them to plant and care new trees.

Key Words: Trees, rainy season, Students,

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