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Tuesday, September 16, 2014

J and K floods were linked to the Climate Change

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Environmentalists in India are of the opinion that disasters in Jammu and Kashmir were linked to the processes of the Climate Change. The Centre for science and Environment has pointed out that Climate Change is the basic force behind the floods in the state. The state does not have any flood forecasting system and any Disaster Management Plan.

In spite of different cases of disasters that occurred in the country within the period of last few years, like Mumbai Floods of 2005 and other extreme events, no opinion regarding any linkage of J and K floods with climate has been expressed by the government.

The intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reported in 2007 that extreme events of rain fall were set to increase over the Indian subcontinent. The IPCC in its 5th Assessment Report had warned that the intensity of rainfall in India would increase. The Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology in a report published in 2006 had already predicted about changes in rainfall patterns over Himalayan ranges in 2006. In spite of these studies the Indian Government did not take sufficient care for disaster management in a region away from the coastline. Most of the efforts pertaining to the disaster management remained focussed on thunderbolts, fires, droughts, cyclones, and floods in plains
According to the sources of Science and Environment a study based on data on J and K gathered through remote sensing had released in 2004 that 55 percent of the wetlands, drainage channels and water bodies had been encroached upon.

According to a report published in The Hindu, English Daily News Paper, Ms. Sunita Narain, the Director General of CSE has pointed out that J and K had an "intricate system of water management. The lake areas had diminished, the holding capacity of many water bodies had gone down, and houses were built in places they should never had been. Such is the condition of many of the Indian cities, and efforts for correction measures are urgent to be made so as to avoid any disaster in future.

Key Words: disaster, J and K, IPCC, CSE

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