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Thursday, December 25, 2014

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries of India

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A summary Table of some significant Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks is given below -



1.

Bandhavgarh National Park
Bandhavgarh National Park is spread across the Vindhya hills of Madhya Pradesh, over a coverage area of approximately 437 sq km. The topography of the park is characterized by sharp ridges, surging forests and open meadows
2.

Bandipur National Park
It is situated on the Mysore-Ooty Highway, at the confluence of Deccan Plateau and Western Ghat Mountains. The wildlife park falls under the Chamarajanagar district of the South-Indian state of Karnataka.

3.
Jim Corbett National Park
It is situated in the foothills of the Himalayas and comes under the state of Uttaranchal. The park was established in the year 1936 and at that point of time, it was known as the Hailey National Park.

4.
Dachigam National Park
It is situated in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, at a distance of approximately 22 km from the Srinagar district. It is spread over an area of 141 sq km and boasts of some of the most beautiful locales in the country.
5.
Desert National Park
It is located in the Jaisalmer city of Rajasthan. Stretching in the Thar Desert, over an area of 3150 sq km, the park serves as the perfect example of its ecosystem.

6.
Dudhwa National Park
It falls under the Lakhimpur-Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated along the India-Nepal border, in the foothills of the Himalayas. Spread over an area of 490 sq km, the park stands bounded by Indo-Nepal border in north and by Suheli River in the south.

7.
Gir National Park
It was established in the Junagarh district of Gujarat, is spread over an area of 1412 sq km. The park holds the distinction of being the only natural habitat of Asiatic Lions in the whole world. The park holds the distinction of being the only natural habitat of Asiatic Lions in the whole world.

8.
Kanha National Park

This Park is one of the most famous habitats of the tiger in the whole world. The park is situated amongst the Banjar and Halon valleys of the state of Madhya Pradesh.

9.
Keoladio Ghana National Park

It is situated in the Bharatpur city of Rajasthan, is one of the major attractions of India. There is an interesting story behind the establishment of this park.

10.
Manas National Park
Manas National Park of India boasts of amazing wildlife as well as picturesque beauty. The park is situated in the Kamrup district of the northeastern state of Assam.
11.
Nagarhole National Park
It is situated at a distance of approximately 96 km from the Mysore city of Karnataka. Sharing its boundary with Bandipur National Park, the park covers an area of approximately 643 km.

12.
Nanda Devi National Park
It is situated in the Chamoli district of Uttaranchal. One of the most magnificent backwoods of the Himalayas, the park rises to an altitude of 2,400 to 6,817 m.

13.
Periyar National Park

It lies nestled in the Western Ghats, falling in the Idukki district of Kerala. The lake that constitutes a major portion of the park came into existence after a dam was constructed on the Periyar River, in the year 1895.

14.
Rajaji Natyional Park
It is situated in the state of Uttaranchal, now known as Uttarakhand. The picturesque beauty and rich biodiversity of the park serve as its major attractions for both nature lovers as well as wildlife enthusiasts.
15.
Ranthambhore National Park
It forms a part of the Sawai Madhopur District of Rajasthan. The park is nestled on the intersection of the Aravalli hill range and the Vindhya hill range.

16.
Sariska National Park
It lies nestled in the Aravali Hill ranges of Rajasthan. One of the most popular national parks of India, Sariska falls under the Alwar district. Once the hunting reserve of the royal family of Alwar, Sariska was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in the year 1958.

17.
Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary
Sultanpur National Park and Bird Sanctuary falls under the Gurgaon district of Haryana. It is situated on the Gurgaon-Farukh Nagar Road, at a distance of approximately 50 km from Delhi and 15 km from Gurgaon.

18.
Sundarbans National Park
Sundarbans National Park forms a part of the largest delta created by the Ganga and Brahmaputra Rivers. Its core area is made up of the largest mangrove forest in the world. 
19.
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
It is located on Ranchi Jamshedpur road in Jharkhand.It principally houses elephants.
20..
Valley of Flowers National Park
It is nestled in the Himalayan ranges of Uttaranchal. The park spreads over an area of 87.50 sq km and was declared as a national park in the year 1982. 
21.
Little Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary
It is situated at a distance of approximately 93 km from the Ahmedabad city of Gujarat. Spread over an area of approximately 4950 sq km, the sanctuary counts amongst one of the largest wildlife sanctuaries in India. 
22.
Mudumalai National Park
is situated in the state of Tamil Nadu, stretching over the forest belt between the Western Ghats and the Nilgiri Mountains. While crossing the highway connecting Mysore and Ooty, you will come across this picturesque park, which comes under the Nilgiri district of the state.

23.
Mukurthi National Park
This National Park is situated in the Nilgiri district of Tamil Nadu, at a distance of approximately 27 km from Ooty. It lies on the southeastern corner of the elevated Nilgiri Plateau and is a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere.

24.
Wayand Wildlife Sanctuary
This Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the South-Indian state of Kerala. It is also known as the Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary and was set up in the year 1973. Later, the sanctuary was declared as a national park.
25.
Palamau Tiger Reserve

The Palamau Tiger Reserve Jharkhand  is located in the Plamau area. It principally houses tiger and many other animals.
26.
Rajgir Wildlife Sanctuary 
The Rajgir Wildlife Sanctuary  of Jharkhand covers a picturesque plot that extends across an area that measures approximately 34 square kilometers.
27.
Hazaribagh National Park

 It is located in the low hilly terrain of Jharkhand and spread over 184 square kilometers in thick tropical forests and grass meadows.
28.
SanjaiGandhi Javik Udyan
The Sanjai Gandhi Javik Udyan is located near Bailey Road, in Patna, Bihar. 



Key Words: National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, wildlife

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