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Wednesday, January 13, 2016

Diabetic and other potentials of Fenugreek

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Fenugreek is a plant which has long been used for various medicinal purposes. Across the Middle East it is in use as a spice and herbal remedy.

Seeds of fenugreek are sown by farmers who harvest the crop and bring out seeds. Green grocers pull up the whole plants make their bundles and bring to sell in the market. As leafy vegetable foliage of fenugreek is cooked with potato slices and some other vegetable as per the required taste after which it is and is served in plates.
Methi ki pattiyan( leaves of Fenugreek)
Leaves of fenugreek 

Seeds of fenugreek are roasted for food flavoring and medicinal purposes. The medicinal properties and favourable effects of the seeds of fenugreek are due to a number of ingredients that are contained inside different parts of the plant. Some of the ingredients of the plant have astonishing properties like reduction of blood plasma glucose level and reduction of cholesterol.
Seeds of methi with immense medicinal values
Seeds of fenugreek
Benefits in lowering blood plasma sugar levels
It is reported that the Saponins found in fenugreek may decrease the absorption of glucose in the intestine. Some other components like Trigonelline, nicotinic acid, and Coumarin compounds also help in reducing blood plasma glucose levels. It is reported that the compound Trigonelline, provides nicotinic acid and Coumarin components too are concerned with reducing blood plasma glucose level. Studies conducted on animals reveal that the amino acid 4-hydroxyisoleucine causes an increase in the insulin secretion.
Benefits from the fibre contained in fenugreek
It is also reported by researchers that fenugreek contains Galactomannan fibres. These fibres may decrease glucose absorption from the gastro-intestinal tract. The South Asian Journal of Preventive Cardiology (April-June) 2005 issue reported that inclusion of the fenugreek fibre in the diet improved glucose tolerance in the patients suffering from diabetes.

Diabetes and Fiber

Galactomannan fiber is another fenugreek component that may decrease glucose absorption from the gastrointestinal tract. A study published in the April–June 2005 issue of the South Asian Journal of Preventive Cardiology noted that including fiber in the diet improves glucose tolerance in diabetic patients. Intake of Galactomannan fiber can decrease rise in blood sugar after meals and also decrease the amount of medication required. The gum type fibre in fenugreek seeds is most effective in reducing the level of blood plasma glucose.

Cholesterol lowering potential

Fenugreek has cholesterol lowering and lipids lowering potential. The Galactomannan fibre and Saponins may decrease the absorption of cholesterol and lipids in the digestive tract. Research on animals shows that fenugreek has protects the liver damage and repairs it if it has been caused by the intake of alcohol. It is also reported that fenugreek has anti-cancer, antimicrobial, and anti-parasite activities.

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